|F-5E Tiger II|
|Variants|| F-20A Tigershark|
The development of the Northrop Grumman F-5A began in 1954 when a Northrop team toured Europe and Asia to examine the defense needs of NATO and SEATO countries. A 1955 company design proposed for a lightweight supersonic fighter that would be relatively inexpensive, easy to maintain, and capable of operating out of short runways. The Air Force did not initially look favorably upon the proposal, since it did not need for a lightweight fighter. However, it did need a new trainer to replace the Lockheed T-33, and in June of 1956 the Air Force announced that it was going to acquire the trainer version, the T-38 Talon.
On April 25, 1962, the Department of Defense announced that it had chosen the aircraft for its Military Assistance Program (MAP). America's NATO and SEATO allies would now be able to acquire a supersonic warplane of world-class quality at a reasonable cost. On August 9, 1962 the aircraft was given the official designation of F-5A Freedom Fighter. Optimized for the air-to-ground role, the F-5A had only a very limited air-to-air capability, and was not equipped with a fire-control radar. The F-5B was the two-seat version of the F-5A.
Although all F-5A production was intended for MAP, in October 1965, the USAF "borrowed" 12 combat-ready F-5As from MAP supplies and sent them to Vietnam with the 4503rd Tactical Fighter Wing for operational service trials. This program was given the code name of "Skoshi Tiger" ("little" Tiger). It was during this tour of duty that the F-5 picked up its Tiger nickname. On November 20, 1970, the Northrop entry was declared the winner of the IFA (International Fighter Aircraft) to be the F-5A/B's successor. The emphasis was being on the air-superiority role for nations faced with threats from opponents operating late-generation MiG-21s. An order was placed for five development and 325 production aircraft. In January of 1971, it was reclassified as F-5E. The aircraft came to be known as Tiger II.
The US Navy Fighter Weapons School (the so-called "Top Gun" school) at NAS Miramar acquired a total of ten F-5Es and three F-5Fs for dissimilar air combat training. Because of the F-5's characteristics, which were similar to the MiG-21, the Tiger II was used as 'aggressor' aircraft, equipping the FWS and VF-126 at NAS Miramar, plus VF-43 at NAS Oceana.
Its worth as a fighter came when during the 1970s, when Ethiopian F-5Es shot down several Somali and/or Soviet fighters without a single loss, against the MiG-21MF Fishbed-J & the MiG-17 Fresco. This has proven this small, American-manufactured aircraft as a formidable and fast plane - or as an adversary.
- Wang / FEAF (AC04)
- Tiger / BAF (ACZ)
- Gabel Squadron (Fork) / BAF (ACZ)
- Sternchen (Asterisk) / BAF (ACZ)
- Ghost / LAF (ACX)
- Wardog Squadron / OADF (AC5)
- TFS Falco / AAF (ACXi)
- Gun: 2x 20mm Pontiac M39A2 Revolver Cannon
- Standard Missiles: AIM-9L Sidewinder
- QAAM: AIM-9X Sidewinder (ACZ) or Vympel R-73 (P-73, AA-11 Archer) (ACX/ACJA)
- RCL: LAU-69 Rocket Launcher (AC04/ACX/ACJA)
- UGBS: Mk-82 500lb Bomb (AC04)
- UGB: Mk.83 1000lb Bomb (AC5/ACZ/ACX/ACJA)
- XAGM: AGM-65G Maverick (ACJA)
- NPB: BLU-32 (ACZ)
Ace Combat 04Edit
- Speed: 35
- Mobility: 35
- Stability: 60
- Defense: 35
- Air-to-Air: 35
- AIr-to-Ground: 15
Ace Combat 5/ZeroEdit
- Speed: 62
- Mobility: 32
- Stability: 60
- Defense: 43
- Air-to-Air: 22
- Air-to-Ground: 47
Ace Combat XEdit
- Speed: High
- Air-to-Air: Low
- Air-to-Ground: Below the average
- Mobility: Low
- Stability: Below the average
- Defense: low
- The three-tone blue camouflage (seen in AC04, AC5, ACZ, and ACX) and three-tone brown camouflage (seen in AC5, ACZ, ACX, and AC:JA) are the color schemes the United States Air Force aggressor squadrons.
- The F-5 is painted in these patterns to replicate Eastern Bloc fighters, specifically the MiG-21, which the F-5 matches in manueverability.
- The black and white color scheme is Northrop's factory color scheme for the F-5.
- Global Security: F-5 "Freedom Fighter / Tiger"
- Wikipedia Article- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northrop_F-5